Magnets are not anything new to anyone. You have probably used them in your childhood, you have them in the refrigerator or you have seen them in a compass. We normally use the word magnetism in most instances. It is perceived that magnetism is the simple attraction of two metals. However, it is good to understand that there is more than that as far as magnetism is concerned. Magnetism is an aspect of the main electromagnetic force. This is what describes the forces that are attributed to magnets as well as magnetic objects.
Despite being around for a long time, you probably do not know that there are different types of magnetism. Well, there are 5 basic magnetism types that are observed and classified on different basis. Keep it here as we analyze all these types of magnetism one after the other.
As explained above, magnetism forms an aspect of the crucial electromagnetic force. It best describes a phenomenon as well as forces that are associated with magnetic objects and magnets. Every magnetic field is generated after moving the charge or basically changing the electric fields. This is the reason why the idea of magnetism and electricity are referred to as electromagnetism collectively.
Within all materials, the atoms comprise electrons and the electrons form a cloud around the atomic nucleus. This is done with the overall motion that creates some miniature magnetic dipole. However, in most materials, the random orientation of the mini magnet makes the fields cancel one another out. The only exception here is ferromagnetic materials.
Most materials basically experience the magnetic phenomena including manganese, cobalt, and iron. These could exist like permanent magnets or like paramagnets. Electromagnets are basically made by passing some electric current via a wire around a material like iron. By now, you must have known that magnetic materials could either attract one another or basically repel one another. This is determined by the portions of these materials that have been brought together.
Magnetism comes about from electromagnetic force from a moving electric charge. By now, you must have known that a magnet has some invisible magnetic field that surrounds it with two ends that are known as poles. Normally, the North Pole points towards the Earth’s north field while the South Pole will point towards the Earth’s south magnetic field. As you are aware, the North Pole of a magnet will be attracted to the South Pole of another magnet. In the contrast, this North Pole is repelled by the North Pole of another magnet. You also need to know that cutting a magnet will form two new magnets. Each of these magnets will have the North and South Poles.